When a couple can not conceive a baby due to the husband’s bad sperm quality, they can use donor’s sperm to solve this problem. Reproduction medicine makes sperm transfer. The sperm of a volunteer donor is used. There are sperm banks, where sperm is frozen (cryoconserved) and used by reproductive medicine clinics.
Sperm donation is used many years for the infertility treatment. In England, more than 1000 children are born with the help of sperm donation. In order to escape HIV risk, in some countries it is allowed to use cryoconserved sperm.
When are needed the services of sperm donor?
- When a wife is infertile, husband has sperm cell dyspoiesis
- When a husband has an inheritable disease, which can be inherited by children (muscular dystrophy, haemophilia).
- When wife has progressive rhesus incompatibility and husband has blood type with positive RH.
- When husband is infected with HIV.
Requirements to sperm donor
Potential donor must be full-aged and under 40. He must be healthy. He must not have inheritable diseases, and he must not take long-acting medicaments. Donor and his family members must not have chronic diseases such as diabetes, epilepsy or rheumatism.
Before becoming a sperm donor, a man has to pass sperm semen. Semen is checked for applicability. We also test donor for following illnesses when taking blood sample:
- Hepatitis B
- Hepatitis C
If there is an assumption of infection, further examination will be done, for example herpes or papillomavirus. First, we freeze every sperm sample then we unfreeze it only after 6 months if during all these months no diseases will be found.
Juridical aspects of sperm donation
Sperm donor does not receive any information about the couple that uses his services nor about a child that is born via his sperm donation. Donor can not require anything from parents or child.